Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a style of therapy based on re-evaluating a person's perception of events, themselves and others, in order that emotional and behavioural problems can be eliminated.
About Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is the most studied and widely used of all talking therapies. It is used as the basis of many services including marriage, post-traumatic, stress, bereavement and substance abuse counselling.
The aim of the therapy is to alter a person's belief system in order to eliminate problems.
There are several variants of CBT including;
- Brief Solution-Focused Therapy – This is generally the therapy used when a specific problem i.e. phobia, is present.
- Cognitive-Analytical Therapy – This approach draws on psychoanalytic as well as cognitive techniques. A structured and focused framework is used to encourage patients to understand the origins of their attitudes and beliefs, and the effect they have on present feelings and behaviour in order that change may occur.
- Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy – psychologists rather than psychotherapists developed this method of treatment. Clients are required to question and remodel their basic outlook on life.
- Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy – Similar to CBT, practitioners of REBT believe that most emotional distress is the result of irrational or harmful beliefs. A technique called “disputing” is used to help patients to question their current attitudes and expectations, and to replace negative ones with new, more positive and productive ones.
- Reality Therapy – Reality Therapists believe that human behaviour is designed to satisfy five basic needs, survival, the need to belong, the desire for power, the urge for freedom and the need for pleasure and entertainment. RT is designed to make people aware of their responsibility for their own actions and to recognise the failings of their current behaviour patterns and beliefs to satisfy their five basic needs, the client is then guided into exploring other ways of behaving and feeling.
- Personal Construct Therapy – PCT is based on the theory that we perceive the world not as it is, but as we construct it from personal experience.