Arthritis

Arthritis solutions from The Devon Clinic

Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation (swelling) of the joints and bones.

Effective Arthritis treatments from The Devon Clinic:

Bowen Technique
Chiropractic
Massage

The Devon clinic C.I.C. is pleased to offer Arthritis treatments from the following local practitioner(s):

Deirdre Concannon (BSc DC) at New Devon Clinic

Deirdre Concannon (BSc DC)

Darren Carter at New Devon Clinic

Darren Carter

Artur Broda

Artur Broda

Sue-young

Susan Young

sue coome

Sue Coome

 

More About Arthritis

The main symptoms of Arthritis include:

• Pain
• Stiffness
• Restricted movements of the joints
• Inflammation and swelling
• Warmth and redness of the skin over the joint

There are over 200 different types of rheumatic diseases (conditions that cause aches and pains in a person’s bones, joints, and muscles).

Some of the most common types of arthritis include:

• Ankylosing Spondylitis – a chronic (long-term) type of arthritis that affects the bones, muscles, and ligaments of the spine
•Cervical Spondylitis – also known as degenerative osteoarthritis, cervical spondylitis affects the joints and bones in the neck
•Fibromyalgia – a condition that causes pain in the muscles, ligaments and tendons, as well as all over the body
•Lupus – a chronic (long-term) condition that causes inflammation in the body’s tissues
•Gout – a type of Arthritis that usually affects the big toe, but can develop in any joint in the body
•Psoriatic Arthritis- joint inflammation that affects people with the skin condition, psoriasis
•Reactive Arthritis – can cause inflammation of the joints, eyes, and urethra (the tube that runs from the bladder through the penis in men, or vulva in women, through which urine is passed)
•Secondary Arthritis – a type of Arthritis that can develop after a joint injury; it sometimes occurs many years after the injury
•Polymyalgia Rheumatica – a condition where the immune system attacks healthy tissue, causing muscle pain, stiffness, and joint inflammation

In the UK, Arthritis is a very common condition, affecting over nine million people. Two of the most common forms of Arthritis are:

• Osteoarthritis
• Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of Arthritis in the UK, affecting an estimated 8.5 million people.

In people affected by Osteoarthritis, the cartilage (connective tissue) between their bones gradually wastes away (degenerates), leading to painful rubbing of bone on bone in the joints. The most frequently affected joints are in the;

• Hands
• Spine
• Knees
• Hips

Osteoarthritis often develops in people who are over 50 years of age.

However, development can occur at any age because of injury, or another joint-related condition.

The cause of osteoarthritis is not fully understood.

A theory is that some are genetically predisposed to developing Osteoarthritis, this means the risk of inheritance is increased. However, this theory has yet to be proven. Rheumatoid arthritis is less common but more severe. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the affected areas, causing pain and swelling. This can lead to the reduction in movement causing the breakdown of bone and cartilage.

In the UK, Rheumatoid arthritis affects 350,000 people and often starts with people aged 40-50. Women are three times more likely than men are to be effected.  The cause is a fault in the immune system which makes the body attack its own tissues. This fault may be inherited.

Arthritis and children

Although Arthritis is more known for affecting the older generation it is not that uncommon for children to develop the condition. This is known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, JIA is uncommon, affecting about one in 1,000 children.

The main types of JIA are discussed briefly below. Oligo-articular JIA – the most common type of JIA. It affects fewer than four joints, most commonly knees, ankles and wrists. Oligo-articular JIA has good recovery rates and long-term effects are rare. However, there is a risk that those with this condition may go on to develop eye problems. It is advised that they attend regular eye checks with an Ophthalmologist.

Polyarticular JIA-a type of JIA that affects more than five joints. It can develop at any age during childhood. The symptoms of Polyarticular JIA are like adult Rheumatoid arthritis. Often accompanied by a rash and a high temperatures/fever. It is also known as Still disease, this also begins with a rash, fever, lethargy and swollen glands. Later, joints may become swollen and inflamed. Like polyarticular JIA, systemic onset JIA can affect children.

Enthesitis-related arthritis- a subtype of juvenile affects boys up and through puberty. It causes pain where the ligaments attach to the bone, typically the knee and hip. It can also cause pain in the soles of the feet.

PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

There is no cure for arthritis, but there are a number of treatments that can help to slow down the condition’s progress. Medication can help to relieve the symptoms of arthritis and, in severe cases, surgery may be recommended.

For osteoarthritis, analgesics (painkillers), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and corticosteroids are often prescribed. In the most severe of cases, it may be deemed appropriate for surgical procedures including:

• Arthroplasty (joint replacement therapy)
• Arthrodesis (joint fusion)
• Osteotomy (the addition or removal of bone)

The aim in treating Rheumatoid Arthritis so to slow down the progression and minimise potential joint damage.

Treatments that may be recommended for Rheumatoid Arthritis include:

• Analgesics (painkillers)
• Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
•Physiotherapy
•Regular exercise

There are several support groups, such as Arthritis Research UK and Arthritis Care that offer advice and support for people with arthritis and their families.

Pain from Arthritis can be eased through physiotherapy, regular exercise through pain management treatments mentioned at the top of the page, in particular acupuncture and hypnotherapy.

Arthritis is also sometimes known as:

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Rheumatism
  • Still’s disease

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